(Greek:ÌÞèõìíá), ancient form Methymna,
is the second most important town on Lesbos.
is also the seat of the municipality as well as
the province. It is also known by the name
or Molivos used under the Ottoman Empire
(CE). Mithymna is located NE of Eressos,
of Plomari and NW of Mytilene. The town (pop.
1,497 at 2001 census) is on the northern part
the island, just some 6 km north of the popular
beach town of Petra. One of the most
features of the town is the old Genoese fortress
on the hill in the middle of the town.
Municipality of Mithymna stretches
eastward from the town along the northern part of
is the island's smallest municipality in land
area at 50.166 km², and the second-smallest in
Agios Efstratios). Its population was 2,433 at
the 2001 census. The next largest towns in the
Argennos (pop. 240) and Sykaminea (207).
Methymna, the city was once the prosperous
second city of Lesbos, with a founding myth that
eponymous Methymna (Greek:
ÌÞèõìíá), the daughter of Macar and
married to the personification of Lesbos;
mythologized social geography appears on the
city's coinage .) In the Peloponnesian War,
an important role (Thucydides, III, ii, 18; vi,
85; vii, 57; Xenophon, Hellen., I, vi, 14). The
excellent wine of Methymna (Virgil, Georgics,
II, 90; Ovid, Ars Amatoria, I, 57; Horace,
Satire II, 8, 50;
I, 17, 21).
was the birthplace of the legendary poet Arion
and probably also of the historian Myrsilus.
was the shrine of the hero Palamedes, mentioned
in the early third-century
Life of Apollonius of Tyana (book v.13).
As a Christian city, Methymna was the seat of a
bishop. In 640,
was mentioned in the Ecthesis,
pseudographically attributed to Epiphanius of
an autocephalous archdiocese, and around 1084, it
was made a metropolitan see under Alexius I
Fourth Crusade brought Latin control, on the
strength of which the Roman Catholic Church
purely titular see of Methymna; there were 40
Roman Catholics in 1908. (CE) The fortress was
after the mid-13th century,as a defense against
Franks and Turks alike.
Ottomans took the city in 1462. As Molivo
under the Ottoman Empire, the city was a kaza
of Metelin in the vilayet of Rhodes. After
the defeat of the Ottomans in the First Balkan
Greece annexed Lesbos in 1914.
Phones for Molivos (Mithymna)
from : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methymna